Climate Change in Zimbabwe (KAS RANKOMISE, ALFRED OBED)

For many years, Zimbabwe has been threatened by growing poverty and famine. The unrest during the elections in 2008 and 2009 and hyperinflation, if nothing else, drove more and more people in the crisis-ridden land to ruination. In order for their families to survive, the farmers had to trade their livestock and seed. Now they are, for the most part, faced with ruin. There is less rainfall in the region, and the soil is sandy and low in nutrients. Livestock farming is widespread and cultivated plants must adapt to the dry climate. Earlier, smallholder agriculture functioned acceptably with the use of fallow ground. This is no longer possible due to the prolonged dry spells, inadequate irrigation systems and overuse of the land. The poor quality of the soil is due to droughts, inferior seed and deforestation, among other things, and has resulted in a drastic fall in crop yield in the past few years. The worsening agricultural conditions, which according to renowned experts are an effect of climate change in southern Africa, have resulted in the undernourishment of many Zimbabweans. Numerous women and young girls prostitute themselves in order to ensure the survival of their families. This increases the risk of HIV transmission and accounts for the shortage of labourers during the harvest. Many smallholder families in the region live in a sustained state of hunger, and in most cases the children are malnourished. In the future, Zimbabwe will be perpetually dependent on international food aid.

Copyright: KAS

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Created Date: 08-11-2015
Last Updated Date: 02-12-2015
License: Link only