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Actual & Projected Impacts of CC

Actual & Projected Impacts of CC
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Keywords: Madagascar, climate change, climate policy, agriculture, climate finance

Schlagwörter: Madagaskar, Klimawandel, Klimapolitik, Landwirtschaft, Klimafinanzierung

Weblink:

http://ecdpm.org/publications/making-agriculture-africa-climate-smart/

See also the infographic:

http://ecdpm.org/multimedia/infographic-making-agriculture-africa-climate-smart/

Schlagworte: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Landwirtschaft, Ernährungssicherung

Keywords: South Africa, Climate Change, Agriculture, Food Security

Weblink:

http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2013-12
http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2013-12/file

Abstract:

The projected changes in planted area, yield per area, net exports/imports and priced for five major agricultural crops in South Africa were simulated using the projections of four Global Circulation Models (GCMs) under three socio-economic scenarios. The GCM runs were those undertaken for the IPCC fourth assessment report. They show consistent strong warming over the subcontinent, but disagree with respect to future precipitation, from slight wetting (particularly on the eastern side) to overall slight drying. The future crop yields were simulated using the DSSAT crop model suite. The planted area, commodity prices and net exports were simulated using the IMPACT global food trade model.

Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Landwirtschaft, Wirtschaft, Tourismus, Gesundheit, Wasser, Flüsse, Ökosystem

Keywords: South Africa, Climate Change, Agriculture, Economy, Tourism, Health, Water, Rivers, Ecosystem

Weblinks:

https://open.uct.ac.za/handle/11427/16707?show=full
http://www.eldis.org/go/home&id=11760&type=Document#.V9RMcBKfdqA

Abstract:

This paper attempts to provide preliminary estimates based on secondary data from the findings of the Vulnerability and Adaptation Study for the South African Country Study on Climate Change (1999). The impacts on natural, agricultural, human-made and human capital are addressed using the change in production approach. This study aimed to provide a preliminary desktop estimate of the economic impacts of climate change in South Africa, based on the findings of the Vulnerability and Adaptation Study for the South African Country Study on Climate Change (1999). Damages are those predicted for 2050 and are valued in year 2000 rands, unless otherwise stated. Predicted impacts from this study include changes in terrestrial and marine ecosystems which will have profound impacts on agriculture, forestry, rangelands and fisheries, as well as on biodiversity.

In addition, changes in hydrology may have immense consequences in terms of human health by increasing suitable habitat for waterborne diseases, as well as affecting water supply and the maintenance of ecosystem functioning. Prediction of the economic impacts of climate change is particularly difficult because of the global scale of the impacts and the long time horizon involved. Such studies have mostly been carried out in developed countries, and often only concentrate on market impacts such as agriculture. Impacts are typically divided into market and non-market impacts, with ecosystem and health damages relegated to the latter category, but this study recognises that all impacts have their basis in changes to natural systems, and that all types of impacts have both market and non-market components.

 

Schlagwörter:

Südafrika, Klimawandel, Infrastruktur, Klimawandel Szenarien, Klimafinanzen.

Keywords:

South Africa, climate change, infrastructure, scenarios, climate finance.

Weblink:

https://www.wider.unu.edu/publication/infrastructure-and-climate-change-1

Abstract:

This paper presents the results of the current study on the impact of climate change on the road and building infrastructure within South Africa. The approach builds upon previous work associated with the UNU-WIDER Development under Climate Change effort emphasizing the impact of climate change on roads. The paper illustrates how climate change effects on both road and building structures can be evaluated with the application of a new analysis system—the infrastructure planning support system. The results of the study indicate that the national level climate change cost impact in South Africa will vary between US$141.0 million average annual costs in the median climate scenario under an adaptation policy, and US$210.0 million average annual costs under a no adaptation scenario. Similarly, the costs will vary between US$457.0 million average annual costs in the maximum climate scenario under an adaptation policy scenario, and US$522.0 million average annual costs under a no adaptation scenario.

Keywords: South Africa, climate change, economy, tourism

Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Wirtschaft, Tourismus

Weblink:

http://lec.sagepub.com/content/31/1-2/322.abstract

Abstract:

Climate change is a major factor impacting upon local economic development futures. South Africa is one of the most vulnerable parts of the world in terms of projected climate change. This article examines issues around climate change impacts for South Africa’s tourism sector and in particular implications for local economic development. It is argued that, whilst tourism represents one of the main drivers of local economic development in small towns and peripheral areas, as a result of capacity and financial constraints municipalities often struggle to undertake effective tourism planning. Accordingly, capacity building for tourism practitioners and policy makers around climate change must become an essential component of the roll out of government tourism support programming to enable South African local governments to manage and sustain partnerships with the private sector, to ensure a deeper understanding of how municipalities can manage the tourism assets within their areas, and to maximise the opportunities of tourism for local economic development.  

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