Adaptation

Adaptation
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Keywords: South Africa, climate change, scenarios, research, adaptation, policy, development, economy
Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Szenarien, Forschung, Anpassung, Politik, Entwicklung, Wirtschaft

Copyright: WIREs Clim Change 2014, 5:605–620. doi: 10.1002/wcc.295

Weblink: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.295/pdf 

Keywords: South Africa, climate change, policy, energy
Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Politik, Energie

IDS Evidence Report 128, Institute of Development Studies, IDS, Sussex / University of Cape Town, Cape Town, 2015
Copyright: Institute of Development Studies, IDS, Sussex.

Weblink: http://opendocs.ids.ac.uk/opendocs/bitstream/handle/123456789/5986/ER128_PoliticalEconomyofClimaterelevantChangePoliciestheCaseofRenewableEnergyinSouthAfrica.pdf?sequence=6

Keywords: South Africa, climate change, agriculture, adaptation
Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Landwirtschaft, Anpassungsstategien

Africa Portal, Backgrounder 50, Africa Portal, Africa Initiative, The Centre for International Governance Innovation, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, 2013. 

Copyright: CIGI, Waterloo CA, Africa Portal Weblink: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/281410497_The_Complexities_of_Climate_Change_Adaptation_in_South_African_Agriculture 

www.africaportal.org

www.cigionline.org 

Keywords: South Africa, climate change, economy, energy, research.

Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Wirtschaft, Energie, Forschung.

Copyright: Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town, UCT, Cape Town.

Weblink: http://www.erc.uct.ac.za/Research/publications/09Joosteetal-Response_Measures.pdf

 

Keywords: South Africa, climate change, mitigation, sustainable development.

Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Mitigation, nachhaltige Entwicklung.

Copyright: Energy Research Centre, University of Cape Town, UCT, Cape Town.

Weblink: http://www.erc.uct.ac.za/Research/publications/15-ERC-Technical_background_INDC.pdf

 

Keywords: SADC, Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe Climate change, adaptation, development. Schlagwörter: SADC, Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe Klimawandel, Anpassung, Entwicklung.

Copyright: Department of Sociology and Human Geography University of Oslo Autors and GECHS International Project Office

Weblink: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/237226279_Climate_Change_in_Eastern_and_Southern_Africa_Impacts_Vulnerability_and_Adaptation

 

Keywords: Southern Africa, agriculture. SADC, Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, impact, negotiations

Schlagwörter: Südliches Afrika, Landwirtschaft. SADC, Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychellen, Südafrika, Swasiland, Tansania, Sambia, Simbabwe.

Copyright: UNEP / World Agroforesty Centre

Weblink: https://www.agriskmanagementforum.org/sites/agriskmanagementforum.org/files/Documents/climate_change_and_variability_in_the_southern_africa.pdf

Keywords: Southern Africa, agriculture. SADC, Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe, food security, risk

Schlagwörter: Südliches Afrika, Landwirtschaft. SADC, Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mosambique, Namibia, Seychellen, Südafrika, Swasiland, Tansania, Sambia, Simbabwe.

Weblink: http://www.accfp.org/docs/library/journals/16%20GPC%20Article%20Nkulumo%20Zinyengere.pdf

Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Modelle, Szenarien, Infrastruktur, Wirtschaft, Anpassung

Keywords: South Africa, Climate Change, Models, Scenarios, Infrastructure, Economy, Adaptation, Mitigation.

Weblink:

https://www.wider.unu.edu/publication/uncertainty-approach-modelling-climate-change-risk-south-africa

https://www.wider.unu.edu/sites/default/files/WP2015-045-.pdf

Abstract:

This study represents the first attempt at an integrated approach to assessing the potential impacts of climate change on the national economy of South Africa via a number of (but not necessarily all) impact channels. The study focuses on outcomes by about 2050. The results show the multiple impacts of climate change and the importance of spatial and temporal variation in these impacts. The study focused in particular on the potential impacts of climate change on the water supply sector, dry-land agriculture, hydropower, roads infrastructure costs and sea level rise. These factors have not been previously considered in a fully integrated way for South Africa. The study considers two future global emissions scenarios-- an Unconstrained Emission Scenario (UCE) where global policies to reduce emissions fail to materialize and a Level 1 Stabilization Scenario (L1S) where aggressive emissions policies are pursued.  

Keywords: Madagascar, climate change, climate policy, agriculture, climate finance

Schlagwörter: Madagaskar, Klimawandel, Klimapolitik, Landwirtschaft, Klimafinanzierung

Weblink:

http://ecdpm.org/publications/making-agriculture-africa-climate-smart/

See also the infographic:

http://ecdpm.org/multimedia/infographic-making-agriculture-africa-climate-smart/

Schlagwörter: Simbabwe, Mbire Distrikt, Sambesi Tal, Klimawandel, Landwirtschaft, Anpassung

Keywords: Zimbabwe, Mbire District, Zambezi Valley, climate change, agriculture, adaptation

Weblink:

http://www.acdi.uct.ac.za/publications/anticipatory-adaptation-and-role-decadal-climate-information-rural-african-livelihood

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/IJCCSM-03-2015-0029

Abstract:

This study aims to explore the utility of anticipatory adaptation to climate variability and related livelihood sensitivities in rural African contexts using the case of Mbire district situated in the mid-Zambezi valley region of Zimbabwe. The provision of decadal climate information (up to ten years), as part of an anticipatory adaptation package, is at the centre of analysis. The study used semi-structured and key informant interviews, with a total of 45 semi-structured interviews being conducted with randomly selected long-term communal farmers in the case study area. Anticipatory adaptation and decadal climate projections are shown to potentially enhance flexibility in adaptation planning vis- à-vis responding to climate variability and other challenges, as well as reduce chances of maladaptation in responding to climate challenges in the context of multiple and reinforcing stresses and shocks.  

Schlagwörter: Namibia, Klimawandel, Anpassung, Gemeindeebene, Partizipation, Planung, Landwirtschaft, peri-urban, Politik

Keywords: Namibia, climate change, adapation, community, participatory planning, agriculture, peri-urban, politics

Weblinks:

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/17568691311327604
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/17568691311327604

Abstract:

This community based initiative seeks to increase communities’ adaptive capacity through the development of resilient farming practices and improved natural resource management in the face of climate change. Integrating the basic aspects on climate information, the project toolkit had two main objectives; firstly it increases community awareness about climate change risks to farmers and natural resource users, and secondly it aims to build momentum at community levels for innovative adaptation tools as applicable to their environments. These toolkits are applicable to the rural communities, periurban and communities across Namibia.Participatory rural appraisal methods were used to solicit inputs from the local people during the toolkits development process. Resource mapping, root analysis of climate impacts, and gender mainstreaming were key to this project. A total of 30 community consultations were held in 12 constituencies in all the regions. About 200 people per region were consulted. Their selection was based on their day to day engagement with community members – these included community activists, farmers, local NGOs as well as governmental civil servants and resource users.The main outcomes of the project were the compilation of the climate change toolkits, as well as outreach materials such as a video for training of trainers events on climate change adaptation, posters, and radio talks in the different regions. The toolkits are in the process of being implemented, and there are positive reports from the regions where they have been distributed. This paper is a synopsis of the experiences from Namibia's climate change adaptation toolkits and offers insights relevant to many other African countries, and how these can be improved to make climate change adaptation work especially in the rural areas.

Schlagworte: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Landwirtschaft, Ernährungssicherung

Keywords: South Africa, Climate Change, Agriculture, Food Security

Weblink:

http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2013-12
http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2013-12/file

Abstract:

The projected changes in planted area, yield per area, net exports/imports and priced for five major agricultural crops in South Africa were simulated using the projections of four Global Circulation Models (GCMs) under three socio-economic scenarios. The GCM runs were those undertaken for the IPCC fourth assessment report. They show consistent strong warming over the subcontinent, but disagree with respect to future precipitation, from slight wetting (particularly on the eastern side) to overall slight drying. The future crop yields were simulated using the DSSAT crop model suite. The planted area, commodity prices and net exports were simulated using the IMPACT global food trade model.

Keywords: Tanzania, climate change, Morogoro, agriculture, rainfall, adaptation, climate policy

Schlagwörter: Tansania, Klimawandel, Morogoro, Landwirtschaft, Regen, Anpassung, Klimapolitik

Weblink:

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/IJCCSM-12-2012-0072
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJCCSM-12-2012-0072

Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to investigate climate change perceptions and adaptation strategies in the communities of Morogoro region of Tanzania. Climate change is a vital issue of global concern. Rain fall data trends collected from different meteorological stations in the region were useful in assessment of climate variability and change trends from the historical perspective. In addition, quantitative interviews, surveys and focussed discussion groups were used to collect data capturing past and present trends in the catchment, and reasons provided by 199 respondents from a total of six villages.

The data were collected with the aid of trained research assistants and trained graduates selected from each of the randomly select villages. Significant differences in rainfall intensities have been recorded by use of feedback results from analysis of variance tests conducted. Major indicators of climate variability and change include: increased dry spells (39.7 per cent), drying of rivers (34.7 per cent), a reduction in water flows (14.6 per cent) and poor economy of the area (11.1 per cent). The scope of the study does not cover certain aspects such as the spatial and temporal changes in daily temperature which could have provided important and additional dimension. This study also did not take into consideration institutional arrangements required to successfully implement national adaptation programmes to climate change. Finally, it is important to remember that peoples’ perceptions determine the social mental picture of climate change. The study suggests the need for leverage on resource use through education and good governance strategies to be employed by resource planners, leaders and policy makers.

Schlagwörter Südafrika, Klimawandel, Landwirtschaft, Weinanbau

Keywords: South Africa, climate change, agriculture, wines

Weblink:

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/17568691211277746

Abstract:

The purpose of this article is to attempt to synthesise the lessons from at least four different ways of looking at the South Africa wine industry: economics, climatology, viticulture, and the sociology of work. The economic performance of South Africa's wine industry since democratisation in the early 1990s is reviewed, as is the effect of climate change on the industry. This is followed by an assessment of possible strategies for building international competitiveness whilst simultaneously coping with the effects of climate change. While industry systems should allow the marketing of speciality wines (e.g. from a single vineyard, from a single estate), this is not a viable strategy for most wine producers. Furthermore, climate change will lead to volatility in the characteristics that identify different terroirs. Industry strategies should rather focus on the benefits of diversity, but with a range of adaptations that will also result in better quality wines. These encompass quality; geographic location; viticultural practices; the style of wines and the renewal of skills.

Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Landwirtschaft, Wirtschaft, Tourismus, Gesundheit, Wasser, Flüsse, Ökosystem

Keywords: South Africa, Climate Change, Agriculture, Economy, Tourism, Health, Water, Rivers, Ecosystem

Weblinks:

https://open.uct.ac.za/handle/11427/16707?show=full
http://www.eldis.org/go/home&id=11760&type=Document#.V9RMcBKfdqA

Abstract:

This paper attempts to provide preliminary estimates based on secondary data from the findings of the Vulnerability and Adaptation Study for the South African Country Study on Climate Change (1999). The impacts on natural, agricultural, human-made and human capital are addressed using the change in production approach. This study aimed to provide a preliminary desktop estimate of the economic impacts of climate change in South Africa, based on the findings of the Vulnerability and Adaptation Study for the South African Country Study on Climate Change (1999). Damages are those predicted for 2050 and are valued in year 2000 rands, unless otherwise stated. Predicted impacts from this study include changes in terrestrial and marine ecosystems which will have profound impacts on agriculture, forestry, rangelands and fisheries, as well as on biodiversity.

In addition, changes in hydrology may have immense consequences in terms of human health by increasing suitable habitat for waterborne diseases, as well as affecting water supply and the maintenance of ecosystem functioning. Prediction of the economic impacts of climate change is particularly difficult because of the global scale of the impacts and the long time horizon involved. Such studies have mostly been carried out in developed countries, and often only concentrate on market impacts such as agriculture. Impacts are typically divided into market and non-market impacts, with ecosystem and health damages relegated to the latter category, but this study recognises that all impacts have their basis in changes to natural systems, and that all types of impacts have both market and non-market components.

Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Anpassung, Urbane Anpassung, Kapstadt, Lokalverwaltung

Keywords: South Africa, climate change, adaptation, urban adaptation, Cape Town, local government

Weblink:

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/IJCCSM-03-2014-0033
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJCCSM-03-2014-0033

Abstract:

This paper aims to present an investigation of the climate adaptation planning and implementation process undertaken by the municipal government of Cape Town, South Africa, situating the findings within the broader literature on governance-related barriers to adaptation. By developing an in-depth case study using methods of organizational ethnography, the research traces phases of climate adaptation planning and implementation in Cape Town. Applied thematic analysis surfaces issues of coordination, decision-making, resource constraints and tracking progress as key constraints to urban climate adaptation. While considerable progress has been made on developing a citywide climate adaptation plan for Cape Town, implementation is constrained by poor monitoring and feedback within and between departments and a lack of oversight and impetus from central authorities within the government hierarchy.

Further research is needed on the interface between technical and political decision-making, governance arrangements that facilitate coordination and iterative adjustment and the organizational uptake of externally commissioned work on climate adaptation. The paper points to the need for a climate adaptation coordination function situated higher up in the municipal government structure than the environment department to implement, monitor, evaluate and revise measures to reduce climate risks and vulnerabilities citywide. The paper is of value to those seeking to understand local government decision-making, as it pertains to climate adaptation and those looking for means to address climate risks and vulnerabilities in cities, especially in South Africa.

 

Schlagwörter:

Südafrika, Klimawandel, Infrastruktur, Klimawandel Szenarien, Klimafinanzen.

Keywords:

South Africa, climate change, infrastructure, scenarios, climate finance.

Weblink:

https://www.wider.unu.edu/publication/infrastructure-and-climate-change-1

Abstract:

This paper presents the results of the current study on the impact of climate change on the road and building infrastructure within South Africa. The approach builds upon previous work associated with the UNU-WIDER Development under Climate Change effort emphasizing the impact of climate change on roads. The paper illustrates how climate change effects on both road and building structures can be evaluated with the application of a new analysis system—the infrastructure planning support system. The results of the study indicate that the national level climate change cost impact in South Africa will vary between US$141.0 million average annual costs in the median climate scenario under an adaptation policy, and US$210.0 million average annual costs under a no adaptation scenario. Similarly, the costs will vary between US$457.0 million average annual costs in the maximum climate scenario under an adaptation policy scenario, and US$522.0 million average annual costs under a no adaptation scenario.

Schlagwörter: SÜDAFRIKA; KLIMAWANDEL; REGENFÄLLE; WASSER; LANDWIRTSCHAFT; WIRTSCHAFT

Keywords: South Africa, climate change, rainfall, water, agriculture, economy

Weblink:

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265074602_CLIMATE_CHANGE_AND_SOUTH_AFRICAN_AGRICULTURE_IMPACTS_AND_ADAPTATION_OPTIONS

Abstract:

Statistical evidence suggests that South Africa has been getting hotter over the past four decades, with average yearly temperatures increasing by 0.13°C a decade between 1960 and 2003, with relatively higher levels for the fall, winter and summer periods. There has also been an increase in the number of warmer days and a decrease in the number of cooler days. Moreover, the average rainfall in the country is very low, estimated at 450mm per year – well below the world’s average of 860mm per year – while evaporation is comparatively high. In addition, surface and underground water are very limited, with more than 50% of the available water resources being used for only 10% of the country’s agricultural activities. Climate change, which may make temperatures climb and reduce the rains and change their timing, may therefore put more pressure on the country’s scarce water resources, with implications for agriculture, employment and food security.