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Keywords: South Africa, Eastern Cape, Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal, climate change, vulnerability, adaptation, agriculture, development, policies.

Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Eastern Cape, Limpopo, KwaZulu-Natal, Klimawandel, Vulnerability, Anpassung, Landwirtschaft, Entwicklung, Politik. Copyright: International Food Policy Research Institute, IFPRI.

IFPRI Discussion Paper No. 885, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, D.C., 2009.

Weblink: http://ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getfile/collection/p15738coll2/id/26199/filename/26200.pdf 

Schlagwörter: SÜDAFRIKA; KLIMAWANDEL; REGENFÄLLE; WASSER; LANDWIRTSCHAFT; WIRTSCHAFT

Keywords: South Africa, climate change, rainfall, water, agriculture, economy

Weblink:

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265074602_CLIMATE_CHANGE_AND_SOUTH_AFRICAN_AGRICULTURE_IMPACTS_AND_ADAPTATION_OPTIONS

Abstract:

Statistical evidence suggests that South Africa has been getting hotter over the past four decades, with average yearly temperatures increasing by 0.13°C a decade between 1960 and 2003, with relatively higher levels for the fall, winter and summer periods. There has also been an increase in the number of warmer days and a decrease in the number of cooler days. Moreover, the average rainfall in the country is very low, estimated at 450mm per year – well below the world’s average of 860mm per year – while evaporation is comparatively high. In addition, surface and underground water are very limited, with more than 50% of the available water resources being used for only 10% of the country’s agricultural activities. Climate change, which may make temperatures climb and reduce the rains and change their timing, may therefore put more pressure on the country’s scarce water resources, with implications for agriculture, employment and food security.