South Africa/Südafrika

South Africa/Südafrika

 

 

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Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Modelle, Szenarien, Infrastruktur, Wirtschaft, Anpassung

Keywords: South Africa, Climate Change, Models, Scenarios, Infrastructure, Economy, Adaptation, Mitigation.

Weblink:

https://www.wider.unu.edu/publication/uncertainty-approach-modelling-climate-change-risk-south-africa

Abstract:

This study represents the first attempt at an integrated approach to assessing the potential impacts of climate change on the national economy of South Africa via a number of (but not necessarily all) impact channels. The study focuses on outcomes by about 2050. The results show the multiple impacts of climate change and the importance of spatial and temporal variation in these impacts. The study focused in particular on the potential impacts of climate change on the water supply sector, dry-land agriculture, hydropower, roads infrastructure costs and sea level rise. These factors have not been previously considered in a fully integrated way for South Africa. The study considers two future global emissions scenarios-- an Unconstrained Emission Scenario (UCE) where global policies to reduce emissions fail to materialize and a Level 1 Stabilization Scenario (L1S) where aggressive emissions policies are pursued.  

Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Landwirtschaft, CO2-Steuer

Keywords: South Africa, Agriculture, Carbon Tax

Weblink to this topic: https://bluenorth.co.za/making-sense-of-the-impending-carbon-tax-and-its-implications-for-south-africas-fruit-and-wine-farmers/

Abstract:

The Draft Carbon Tax Bill has been released for comment during November 2015.  The Confronting Climate Change (CCC) Initiative has received many questions with regards to the bill and have, in response, developed this summary document with the information currently to our disposal.  It is meant to be a high-level document that outline the carbon tax processes and should by no means be read as conclusive as it is likely that there will be refinements to the Bill after the public comment has been received.  

Schlagworte: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Landwirtschaft, Ernährungssicherung

Keywords: South Africa, Climate Change, Agriculture, Food Security

Weblink:

http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2013-12
http://www.economics-ejournal.org/economics/discussionpapers/2013-12/file

Abstract:

The projected changes in planted area, yield per area, net exports/imports and priced for five major agricultural crops in South Africa were simulated using the projections of four Global Circulation Models (GCMs) under three socio-economic scenarios. The GCM runs were those undertaken for the IPCC fourth assessment report. They show consistent strong warming over the subcontinent, but disagree with respect to future precipitation, from slight wetting (particularly on the eastern side) to overall slight drying. The future crop yields were simulated using the DSSAT crop model suite. The planted area, commodity prices and net exports were simulated using the IMPACT global food trade model.

Schlagwörter Südafrika, Klimawandel, Landwirtschaft, Weinanbau

Keywords: South Africa, climate change, agriculture, wines

Weblink:

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/17568691211277746

Abstract:

The purpose of this article is to attempt to synthesise the lessons from at least four different ways of looking at the South Africa wine industry: economics, climatology, viticulture, and the sociology of work. The economic performance of South Africa's wine industry since democratisation in the early 1990s is reviewed, as is the effect of climate change on the industry. This is followed by an assessment of possible strategies for building international competitiveness whilst simultaneously coping with the effects of climate change. While industry systems should allow the marketing of speciality wines (e.g. from a single vineyard, from a single estate), this is not a viable strategy for most wine producers. Furthermore, climate change will lead to volatility in the characteristics that identify different terroirs. Industry strategies should rather focus on the benefits of diversity, but with a range of adaptations that will also result in better quality wines. These encompass quality; geographic location; viticultural practices; the style of wines and the renewal of skills.

Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Landwirtschaft, Wirtschaft, Tourismus, Gesundheit, Wasser, Flüsse, Ökosystem

Keywords: South Africa, Climate Change, Agriculture, Economy, Tourism, Health, Water, Rivers, Ecosystem

Weblinks:

https://open.uct.ac.za/handle/11427/16707?show=full
http://www.eldis.org/go/home&id=11760&type=Document#.V9RMcBKfdqA

Abstract:

This paper attempts to provide preliminary estimates based on secondary data from the findings of the Vulnerability and Adaptation Study for the South African Country Study on Climate Change (1999). The impacts on natural, agricultural, human-made and human capital are addressed using the change in production approach. This study aimed to provide a preliminary desktop estimate of the economic impacts of climate change in South Africa, based on the findings of the Vulnerability and Adaptation Study for the South African Country Study on Climate Change (1999). Damages are those predicted for 2050 and are valued in year 2000 rands, unless otherwise stated. Predicted impacts from this study include changes in terrestrial and marine ecosystems which will have profound impacts on agriculture, forestry, rangelands and fisheries, as well as on biodiversity.

In addition, changes in hydrology may have immense consequences in terms of human health by increasing suitable habitat for waterborne diseases, as well as affecting water supply and the maintenance of ecosystem functioning. Prediction of the economic impacts of climate change is particularly difficult because of the global scale of the impacts and the long time horizon involved. Such studies have mostly been carried out in developed countries, and often only concentrate on market impacts such as agriculture. Impacts are typically divided into market and non-market impacts, with ecosystem and health damages relegated to the latter category, but this study recognises that all impacts have their basis in changes to natural systems, and that all types of impacts have both market and non-market components.

Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Anpassung, Urbane Anpassung, Kapstadt, Lokalverwaltung

Keywords: South Africa, climate change, adaptation, urban adaptation, Cape Town, local government

Weblink:

http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/IJCCSM-03-2014-0033
http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/IJCCSM-03-2014-0033

Abstract:

This paper aims to present an investigation of the climate adaptation planning and implementation process undertaken by the municipal government of Cape Town, South Africa, situating the findings within the broader literature on governance-related barriers to adaptation. By developing an in-depth case study using methods of organizational ethnography, the research traces phases of climate adaptation planning and implementation in Cape Town. Applied thematic analysis surfaces issues of coordination, decision-making, resource constraints and tracking progress as key constraints to urban climate adaptation. While considerable progress has been made on developing a citywide climate adaptation plan for Cape Town, implementation is constrained by poor monitoring and feedback within and between departments and a lack of oversight and impetus from central authorities within the government hierarchy.

Further research is needed on the interface between technical and political decision-making, governance arrangements that facilitate coordination and iterative adjustment and the organizational uptake of externally commissioned work on climate adaptation. The paper points to the need for a climate adaptation coordination function situated higher up in the municipal government structure than the environment department to implement, monitor, evaluate and revise measures to reduce climate risks and vulnerabilities citywide. The paper is of value to those seeking to understand local government decision-making, as it pertains to climate adaptation and those looking for means to address climate risks and vulnerabilities in cities, especially in South Africa.

 

Schlagwörter:

Südafrika, Klimawandel, Infrastruktur, Klimawandel Szenarien, Klimafinanzen.

Keywords:

South Africa, climate change, infrastructure, scenarios, climate finance.

Weblink:

https://www.wider.unu.edu/publication/infrastructure-and-climate-change-1

Abstract:

This paper presents the results of the current study on the impact of climate change on the road and building infrastructure within South Africa. The approach builds upon previous work associated with the UNU-WIDER Development under Climate Change effort emphasizing the impact of climate change on roads. The paper illustrates how climate change effects on both road and building structures can be evaluated with the application of a new analysis system—the infrastructure planning support system. The results of the study indicate that the national level climate change cost impact in South Africa will vary between US$141.0 million average annual costs in the median climate scenario under an adaptation policy, and US$210.0 million average annual costs under a no adaptation scenario. Similarly, the costs will vary between US$457.0 million average annual costs in the maximum climate scenario under an adaptation policy scenario, and US$522.0 million average annual costs under a no adaptation scenario.

Keywords: South Africa, climate change, economy, tourism

Schlagwörter: Südafrika, Klimawandel, Wirtschaft, Tourismus

Weblink:

http://lec.sagepub.com/content/31/1-2/322.abstract

Abstract:

Climate change is a major factor impacting upon local economic development futures. South Africa is one of the most vulnerable parts of the world in terms of projected climate change. This article examines issues around climate change impacts for South Africa’s tourism sector and in particular implications for local economic development. It is argued that, whilst tourism represents one of the main drivers of local economic development in small towns and peripheral areas, as a result of capacity and financial constraints municipalities often struggle to undertake effective tourism planning. Accordingly, capacity building for tourism practitioners and policy makers around climate change must become an essential component of the roll out of government tourism support programming to enable South African local governments to manage and sustain partnerships with the private sector, to ensure a deeper understanding of how municipalities can manage the tourism assets within their areas, and to maximise the opportunities of tourism for local economic development.  

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